Tourism in Japan has been given a major boost since Tokyo won its bid to host the 2020 Olympics. A record 19.7 million tourists visited the country in 2015, with many spending time in its magical capital city.
Tokyo was named the world's most satisfying city for travel in a 2013 poll by TripAdvisor and its popularity is continuing to grow. Here are our top 50 reasons Tokyo is the world's best city:
1. The world's most sophisticated railways
Tokyo's rail system is one of the most efficient in the world.
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With 13 subway lines and more than 100 surface routes run by Japan Railways and other private companies, Tokyo's railway system seems like it was designed to win world records. It's rare to find a location in the metropolitan area that can't be reached with a train ride and a short walk.
2. The Emperor will see you now
The royal wave.
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Visit the Imperial Palace on December 23 or January 2, and you'll see something impressive: its owner. Emperor Akihito and family make a twice-yearly public appearance at the Inner Palace grounds for the monarch's birthday and a New Year's greeting. If you're tall enough, you'll be able to glimpse the man-god himself amid a sea of Rising Sun flag-wavers.
3. Tongue-gasmic food porn
You could spend hours drooling over the elaborate pastries and picture-perfect sushi rolls at department store Isetan's super-stylish depachika, a massive basement food court. Square watermelons and matsutake mushrooms are displayed with gallery-like reverence.
Other highlights: eat-in counters run by some of Tokyo's snazziest restaurants and free samples of food and booze on weekends.
4. Street crossings are like a battle scene from 'Braveheart'
Crossing the street is no easy feat in Tokyo.
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The scramble street crossing outside of Shibuya Station is easily the world's busiest, with a thousand people running into the middle of the street, weaving together in a huge organic mass.
It perfectly summarizes the essence of Tokyo's true tourist landmarks: not old buildings, but lots and lots of people coming together in celebration of culture. See the action outside the Hachiko exit of Shibuya Station.
5. Youth fashion stores by the hundreds
Japanese fashion is known for pushing boundaries.
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There are countless independent fashion boutiques in the Harajuku area -- all dedicated to generally insane forms of youth fashion. If you count adjacent Shibuya, Omotesando and Aoyama into the region, you have the world's largest fashion district: featuring basically every single major designer brand in the world.
6. Sky-high one-upmanship
The Tokyo Skytree. Still the world's tallest tower.
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When officials in Tokyo learned that the new Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower in China would be 610 meters tall -- the same height that was planned for Tokyo Skytree, then under construction -- they did what any rational body would do: they added 24 meters to the top of Skytree to preserve its claim as the world's tallest tower.
Now complete and open for business, the Guinness-certified structure features shops, restaurants and an observation deck that lets you see almost all the way to Guangzhou.
7. You can eat dirt
At Ne Quittez Pas, in Tokyo's Gotanda neighborhood, every dish is made with a generous helping of dirt. Not normal, backyard variety dirt. This is special nutrient-rich soil. The unique tasting menu is the creation of Toshio Tanabe, a former gymnast and boxer turned culinary inventor. Whether diners dig into the dirt or not, it does take the idea of organic to a new level.
8. More Michelin stars than anywhere else
In Japan, they never tire of the Michelin Man.
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Tokyo sports 160,000 known eateries, more than 10 times the number in Paris. There are a few three-star standouts in the Tokyo Guide -- Kanda in Minato-ku, serving delicate traditional Japanese cuisine; Joël Robuchon in Ebisu, the Tokyo stronghold of the famed celebrity chef; andChukka Haan Grand Tour Grand Cole Haan Cole PxOgqO in Shirokanedai, whose young French-trained chef achieved recognition in the Japanese culinary hierarchy, thanks to his inclusion in the Guide.
More than anything, though, Michelin has proven something that most Tokyoites already know: this city is the gastronomic capital of the world.
9. The electronics stores are like theme parks
The Japanese have taken their love of the latest electronic gadgets and modern appliances and zapped it with Yodobashi Akiba, the largest electronics store in a section of Tokyo known for being the center of gadget, video game and anime culture in the city.
Going into any electronics store in Akihabara is like stepping into a wonderland of flashing lights and monstrous screens, but Yodobashi ups the ante by offering six massive floors of televisions, stereos, appliances and game consoles, with three more floors dedicated to restaurants, juice bars, bookstores and music shops.
10. You can commute to the mountains
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Every March, the "Walking-over-Fire" Festival takes place at Mount Takao. When concrete Tokyo gets to be too much, you can head out to the wonderful Mount Takao in West Tokyo.
Accessible by a single train from Shinjuku, the mountain is particularly famous for its easy hike to the top, stunning autumn foliage and special soba-noodle culture. To access Takao: Take the Keio line to Takaosanguchi Station. Takes a little less than one hour.
11. Earth's biggest fish market
Great shedloads of tuna at Tsukji fish market.
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Given Japan's penchant for seafood, it's not surprising the world's largest fish market (and one of the largest wholesale markets, period) is located in Tokyo. Handling more than 2,000 tons of seafood each day, Tsukiji-shijo ("market") is a haven for fisherman, auctioneers and buyers for Tokyo's best restaurants. As an added bonus, here the freshest sushi and most delectable grilled fish lunches can be had at reasonable prices -- assuming one can stand the mad rush of patrons.
12. Even the serious museums are weird
Edo-Tokyo Museum is the best place to relive the old traditional style of life in Tokyo, when it was called Edo in the 15th to 19th centuries. The building exterior, however, looks like a giant space cruiser on a "Buck Rogers" back lot, propped up on stilts. This is perhaps an attempt to fuse past, present and future Tokyo into one space.
Edo-Tokyo Museum, 1-4-1 Yokoami, Sumida-ku, +81 (0)3 3626 9974
13. Take me out to the ball game (again and again)
How baseball-obsessed is Tokyo?
It's one of only three cities in the world -- Chicago and Seoul are the others -- with two big-league stadiums in its central downtown area. The Yomiuri Giants, who play their home games at Tokyo Dome, are loved and detested in equal measure (think New York Yankees), while the more-approachable Yakult Swallows do their thing down the road in cozy Jingu Stadium.
14. You'll never want for expensive antique robot toys
Take me to your leader.
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Eight floors of heaven for anime fans, Mandarake Complex represents the flagship of the Mandarake chain of vintage anime ephemera.
Sundays Sundays X Billabong Boardshorts Sundays X Sundays X Boardshorts Billabong X Billabong Billabong Boardshorts Boardshorts The seventh and eighth floors are like a museum of Japanese toy history -- only everything is for sale. Although their prices are higher than you'll find in other shops and bargaining is out of the question, you would be hard pressed to beat the selection.
15. The K-Pop boom is old news
As the rest of the world finally gets around to discovering the glories of Korean pop culture, Tokyoites are stifling a yawn. That's because anything worthwhile coming out of the K-Pop boom washes up in Tokyo's Koreatown first. This enclave of souvenir shops, barbecue eateries and bars stretches over several blocks near the bustling mini-city of Shinjuku.
16. The public parks are as pretentious as it gets
Meticulously constructed according to the good Dr. Enryo Inoue's arcane personal tastes, Tetsugakudo Park's numerous small buildings are all dedicated to renowned philosophers. Outdoor features include a supposedly haunted tree and a "Time-Space Clearing" that is -- and we quote -- "intended to represent the philosophical dimension." It's a big patch of dirt.
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17. It's the best place to shop if you're over 60
Variously referred to as the "Granny Ginza" and "Harajuku for Little Old Ladies," the Sugamo Jizo Dori Shotengai shopping street has aged along with the local residents.
Looking for the latest fashions circa 1962? You've found the right place. Black-and-white stills of long-forgotten movie stars? Check. It's also filled with stores that sell traditional sweets and trinkets, most of them on the cheap side. Walking distance from Sugamo Station.
Tokyo's historic Ameya Yokocho market is crammed full with more than 500 shops selling everything from food to sneakers. Video by
Sundays X Sundays X X Billabong X Boardshorts Billabong Billabong Boardshorts Boardshorts Boardshorts Billabong Sundays Sundays 18. You can blow an entire year's salary on a round of drinks
Shaken not stirred.
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Gone are the bubble-era days of gold-leaf-wrapped sushi, but that profligate spirit lives on in the "Diamonds are Forever" martini at the Ritz-Carlton: chilled Grey Goose vodka with a lime twist, poured over a one-carat diamond. A good martini is hard to improve upon, but everything's better with a little sparkle.
Ritz-Carlton, 45/F, 9-7-1 Akasaka, Minato-ku, +81 (0)3 3423 8antigu00
19. Highway rest stops are destinations
Rest areas like Umi-hotaru almost make up for the ridiculous tolls and endless traffic jams of Japan's highways. Umi-Hotaru (the "sea firefly") is a giant, island-like concrete construct floating smack in the middle of Tokyo Bay at the crossover point between the Aqua-Line bridge and tunnel. It offers a number of restaurants and shops for those who need to relax before braving the remaining drive.
20. Personal service is borderline stalky
At Takazawa, the service is as good as the food. And that's saying a lot. From humble grocery stores to fancy boutiques, Tokyo's standard of service is remarkably high.
Unsurprisingly, the city's top-class restaurants strive for excellence, and Aronia de Takazawa delivers service with a personal touch. Before your visit, you'll get a number of charming, chatty emails from Akiko Takazawa, the chef's wife. During dinner, Mrs. Takazawa will take you step-by-step through the chef's high-tech creations and make you feel as smart and sophisticated as the food.
Aronia de Takazawa, Sanyo Akasaka Building, 2/F, 3-5-2 Akasaka, Minato-ku, +81 (0)3 3505 5052
21. Noodles you can dream about
Rich strands of noodley goodness.
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There are more noodle shops in Tokyo than any other city in the world. If we had to pick a favorite, it'd be Menya Goto, a tiny counter stall that serves flavorful bowls of ramen to the slurping masses lined up out the door.
Menya Goto, 3-33-7 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, +81 (0)3 3986 9115
22. You can be surrounded by comics
Manga: The eyes follow you around the room.
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At a manga-kissa, or "comics café," a few hundred yen per hour nets you a tiny booth with a reclining chair, internet-enabled PC, an endless supply of all-you-can-read comic books and bottomless soft drink refills.
Ostensibly created for manga freaks, these miniscule rent-a-chairs are fast becoming popular for another reason: they offer young couples and salarymen alike a super-cheap place to kill time and catch some Zs.
The extensive Manboo! franchise (despite a name and logo that border on copyright infringement) is the most recognizable manga-kissa, and its flagship storefront in Kabuki-cho is perfect for hostess-club Lotharios who've missed the last train home.
23. Bats you don't have to be afraid of
Tokyo calls forth an image of the glimmering city of the future, yet along the Kanda River -- flowing from Inokashira Park in Kichijoji to the Sumida River -- we humans have to share Tokyo with another busy inhabitant: bats. Lots of 'em.
Every evening, you can see them storming the skies on any pleasant stroll along the river, but since they don't attack people, they're considered part of the ambience.
24. You can ride the world's shortest escalator
Kawasaki isn't officially Tokyo, but we'd like to claim the world's shortest escalator -- in Kawasaki More's Department Store - as part of our urban experience.We can't explain why an escalator this tiny exists, but you don't hear us, or Guinness, complaining. You can see it here.
25. The cuddliest cafes
Cats kick back in the café.
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It's a tough gig, but the cats seem to keep it all in stride.
At cat caeé Nekorobi in Takadanobaba, you can relax after work with a cup of cocoa and a sleepy-faced Siamese, or let off some steam by tossing a toy around with a frisky tabby. Then be heartbroken when you leave.
26. Cyberpunk infrastructure
Who but the Japanese would think to connect the major wards and neighborhoods of their capital with an "expressway" perched several stories above ground that weaves in between office buildings and national landmarks?
The Shutoko -- or Metropolitan Area Expressway -- isn't only an engineering marvel but also a logistical nightmare, with countless routes interconnected, above- and below-ground entrances and exits, and high-speed curves that would make the Nürburgring blush.
Billabong Boardshorts Sundays Boardshorts Billabong X X Sundays Sundays X X Boardshorts Billabong Boardshorts Billabong Sundays 27. It's mod tailoring's last stand
London boasts the high-end suiting of Savile Row, while Bangkok is famous for its ultra-cheap bespoke factories.
Tokyo's Yofuku no Namiki tailor may be the world's last great mod tailor -- making slim suits for cool youngsters. A favorite of rock bands, punks and rebels, Namiki makes suits in every possible historical style (zoot suits, Seventies wide lapels, you name it) starting at the low price of ¥39,900 ($400).
28. The most absurdly priced retail establishments on one block
Chanel, Louis Vuitton, Gucci, Coach, Harry Winston -- and many more -- as far as the eye can see, each a dedicated storefront encased in a building of impeccable modern architectural design.
Ginza is where to go to see and be seen and to spend more money than most salarymen ever dream of on fashion, handbags and jewelry. Ginza used to be pithily described as Tokyo's 5th Avenue, but nowadays it's more accurate to call 5th Avenue New York's Ginza.
29. Religious experiences for cat lovers
The beautiful Gotokuji Buddhist temple is believed to be the birthplace of Japan's ubiquitous beckoning cat statues. As you might expect, its display of the lucky ceramic felines, tucked tastefully behind a side building, is second to none.
Gotokuji Temple, Gotokuji 2-24-7, Setagaya-ku
30. No need to leave the airport
Haneda's international terminal is so swanky you might not want to bother leaving.
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The October 2010 debut of a dedicated international passenger terminal at Haneda Airport allows travelers to avoid the hour-plus slog from Narita to central Tokyo. But that's only half the story. Thanks to the terminal's Edo-Koji marketplace -- a warren of history-themed restaurants and souvenir shops -- even jet-setters on a layover can soak up some old-school Japanese culture.
31. Porn shops with increasing levels of weirdness
Sundays X Billabong Sundays Sundays X X Boardshorts X Billabong Billabong Boardshorts Boardshorts Sundays Billabong Boardshorts Like entering the 36 Chambers of Shaolin, every flight up the Ali Baba Akihabara mini-skyscraper of pornography is another level of weirdness.
As with many Japanese porn shops, the first floor sells a halfhearted selection of mainstream Hollywood and Japanese films for a thin veneer of respectability. Take the stairs one flight up and the real adventure begins, with fetishes organized by floor. Not for the prudish.
Ali Baba Akihabara, 3/F, 1-18 Kanda-Sakumacho, Chiyoda-ku; +81 (0)3 5289 0242
32. Water is just an excuse for the bridges
Connecting the Shibaura area with the futuristic Odaiba island, the Rainbow Bridge is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the city. With its pale shining towers and multicolored night lighting, the bridge provides a knockout frame through which to view the city's skyline from a restaurant terrace in Odaiba.
33. Taste the teeniest, tiniest haute cuisine
In a city known for its diminutive dining spots, the seven-seat Tapas Molecular Bar is one of the smallest. But its menu of fanciful concoctions, such as cucumber "caviar," lime salt "foam" and chocolate "pumice," makes it worth the squeeze. Reservations can be made for either 6 p.m. or 8:30 p.m. (no exceptions). Tardiness is severely frowned upon.
Tapas Molecular Bar, Mandarin Oriental Tokyo 38F, 2-1-1 Nihonbashi Muromachi, Chuo-ku; +81 (0)3 3270 8188
34. Behold the least impressive statue of a giant monster
The bronze statue is so unimpressive, we thought we'd show you another one.
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Standing in the shadow of the film company that unleashed Godzilla on the world, this bronze effigy of the giant creature in Hibiya Park towers a whopping ... half-meter high. We suppose a life-sized 70-meter version would have been prohibitive, but half a meter? At least the pedestal raises it above eye level.
35. Apartments are like MC Escher drawings
No city on Earth is as novel in its approach to housing.
Exhibit A: the rainbow-colored, multishaped Reversible Destiny Lofts apartment complex. Located in an otherwise boring part of the Mitaka suburbs, the complex looks like a LSD vision of a giant McDonald's jungle gym. Architects Arakawa & Gins intentionally built the lofts with uneven floors and other unorthodoxy to constantly challenge the minds of Japan's elderly.
36. Its red-light district is the least dangerous
Areas like Kabukicho offer an endless choice of safe nightlife destinations.
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Kabukicho is full of sketchy hostess clubs, airplane-themed "showtime cabarets" and "pink salons" (don't ask), but also ... college students hanging out with acoustic guitars?
Yes, the Shinjuku red-light district isn't "classy," but it's still Tokyo. So feel free to wander through it any time of the day, maybe picking up a cone of Häagen-Dazs on the way. Walking distance from the East exit of Shinjuku Station.
37. You have to work for high-end tempura
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It might take a while to find Motoyoshi among the backstreets of Minami-Aoyama, but its GPS-confounding location is part of the fun. The prize for actually arriving is perfectly crisp tempura.
The chef is as picky about his ingredients -- succulent scallops and tender asparagus in summer, hearty red carrots from Kyoto in winter -- as he is about his technique.
Motoyoshi, 3-2-4 Minami-Aoyama, Minato-ku; +81 (0)3 3401 0722
38. It's home to the world's best fashion chains
These days, however, their real offering is high-quality Japanese-made clothing in the latest styles -- at reasonable prices. Each company now also has a wide range of stores catering toward each age bracket and gender, so Beams F is for the suited corporate man while nearby Beams Boy is for dainty preps and stylish "mountain girls."
39. The most bars per square-meter
Golden Gai: The salary man's watering hole of choice.
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Bar hopping takes on a new dimension in Golden Gai: one only needs to step outside to stumble into another bar.
X X X Boardshorts Boardshorts Billabong Billabong Billabong Boardshorts Sundays Sundays Sundays Billabong Boardshorts Sundays X Golden Gai packs more than 200 tiny watering holes -- some so small they seat a scant five -- in half the size of a Costco.
Less dense, but equally tight, are the bars in Omoide Yokocho near Shinjuku station and Nonbei Yokocho, the colorfully named "Drunkard's Alley," in Shibuya.
40. Cocktails are maniacally fresh
Crackling with freshness.
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In cocktail-crazy Tokyo, bartenders approach their subject with the artistry and focus of Michelin-starred chefs.
Billabong Boardshorts Billabong Sundays X X Billabong Boardshorts Sundays X Boardshorts Boardshorts Billabong Sundays X Sundays The mixologists at Aoyama's swanky Bar Rage source top-quality, fresh ingredients from around the country for their seasonal drinks. They hunt down the tastiest passion fruits from Okinawa, or the sweetest kumquats from Miyazaki to give classic cocktails a Japanese twist.
41. The world's best service
Sure, at some stores around the world, the staff are experts in their field, hoping to wait on your every wish and command.
Japanese department stores such as Mitsukoshi and Isetan have that, of course, but they add a few other perks: an army of uniformed women running automated elevators and bowing greeters at the door. The time-consuming, multistage gift wrapping is also unparalleled, perhaps justifying the premium prices.
42. You'll never see a more expansive sake list
In terms of sheer variety, Tokyo is the best place in the world to try sake, and it's likely that you'll be able to find most of it at Kuri in Ginza. The sake menu is a tome that lists more than 100 varieties. After the third cup, you might be brave enough to try the hoya no shiokara (fermented sea pineapple guts), which isn't half as bad as it sounds.
Kuri, Tony Bldg., 2/F, 6-4-15 Ginza, Chuo-ku; +81 (0)3 3573 8033
43. Onsen with the best feng shui
Strictly built according to the principles of feng shui, Yumori is a beautifully appointed hot spring in Tokyo's western suburbs. The baths are marked with the cardinal directions for proper orientation during soaking.
Yumori no Sato; 1 (0)42 499 7777
44. Monumongous supercute mascot characters
Highest density of fur-suited mascots in the world.
Talk about hiding in plain sight.
When Tokyo's Bureau of Waterworks decided to paint its official PR mascot, Mr. Earth, atop the roof of their Shibaura facility, they didn't mess around. Although you can't see it from street level, it's actually visible from several kilometers above the Earth's surface.
45. You can eat like a sumo wrestler
Sumo wrestlers are always going head-to-head in a fast and furious slapping match against 130-kilo (285 pounds) opponents, which is why they require a steady diet of chanko nabe stew to keep their stamina up and their butts padded. Yoshiba is located in a former sumo stable, and you can chow down like a champion at a table right beside the clay ring.
Sundays Boardshorts Billabong X Boardshorts Billabong Billabong Billabong X Sundays Sundays X Sundays X Boardshorts Boardshorts 2-14-5 Yokoami, Sumida-ku; +81 (0)3 3623 4480
46. The most prolific festivals
While festivals of all shapes and sizes are staged throughout the year, any Japanese will tell you that there's no festival like a summer festival. Most well known are the "Three Great Edo Festivals" of Kanda Matsuri in Kanda, Sanno Matsuri in Nagata-cho, and Fukagawa Matsuri in Tomioka, Koto-ku.
These get-togethers provide a way for neighbors to bond, celebrate, and wish for continued prosperity. Helping to lubricate the process is -- surprise! -- a large quantity of alcoholic beverages.
47. The most visually spectacular fireworks displays
Tokyo has a huge number of major hanabi taikai, or fireworks festivals, every summer, but the gathering at Asakusa and Mukojima along the Sumida-gawa river has got to be the most spectacular. More than 20,000 individual fireworks are launched every year on average.
48. Vegan food fit for meat lovers
When it comes to excellent vegan cuisine, look no further than ... a Buddhist temple. The monks of Takao Yakuo-in monastery prepare elaborate vegan meals for visitors on a reservation-only basis. The multicourse, multiplate spreads are a special treat for carnivore and non-carnivore alike.
49. The finest art cafes
Located on the fifth floor of a nondescript building in the back streets of Aoyama, the A to Z Cafe brings Yoshitomo Nara's works to life in an imagined recreation of the artist's atelier.
A to Z cafe, Equbo Building 5/F, Minami Aoyama 5-8-3, Minato-ku, +81 (0)3 5464 0281, noon-11:30 p.m.
50. The best riverboat entertainment
Sumida River is the most beloved river of the shitamachi Tokyo downtown and also home to the Yakatabune -- a traditional Japanese boat whose interior looks a lot like a typical Japanese pub.
Package deals offer a boat and all-you-can-eat-and-drink food and alcohol for large groups, who gorge on beer and okonomiyaki as their vessel plies the river. There's even a great view of the ubiquitous Skytree.
Editor's note: This article was previously published in 2013. It was reformatted, updated and republished in 2017.